It occupies the western three-eighths of the island which it shares with the Dominican Republic. However, competing claims and settlements by the French led to the western portion of the island being ceded to France in , which was subsequently named Saint-Domingue. French colonists established lucrative sugarcane plantations , worked by vast numbers of slaves brought from Africa, which made the colony one of the richest in the world. In the midst of the French Revolution —99 , slaves and free people of color launched the Haitian Revolution — , led by a former slave and the first black general of the French Army , Toussaint Louverture. After 12 years of conflict, Napoleon Bonaparte's forces were defeated by Louverture's successor, Jean-Jacques Dessalines later Emperor Jacques I , who declared Haiti's sovereignty on 1 January —the first independent nation of Latin America and the Caribbean , the second republic in the Americas, the first country to abolish slavery, and the only state in history established by a successful slave revolt. Haiti's first century of independence was characterized by political instability, ostracism by the international community and the payment of a crippling debt to France.
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Sign in to add this item to your wishlist, follow it, or mark it as not interested. Sign in to see reasons why you may or may not like this based on your games, friends, and curators you follow. Includes 2 items: Slain: Back from Hell , Valfaris. But, was it hard enough? We introduce Valfaris - Full Metal Mode! Restart the game with your entire arsenal, maintaining all upgrades from the previous run.
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A sceptre British English or scepter American English is a staff or wand held in the hand by a ruling monarch as an item of royal or imperial insignia. Figuratively, it means royal or imperial authority or sovereignty. The Was and other types of staves were signs of authority in Ancient Egypt.